This paper reviews the fields of floatovoltaic (FV) technology and aquaculture to investigate the potential of floatovoltaic-aquaculture synergistic applications for improving food-energy-water nexus sustainability. Several symbiotic relationships are considered, including: an increase in power-conversion efficiency (due to the cooling and cleaning of module surfaces), a reduction in wate surface evaporation rates, ecosystem redevelopment, improved growth rates in fish through integrated designs (using FV-powered pumps to control oxygenation levels), and LED lighting.
This article concerns a dynamic model that simulates the main biochemical processes in a milkfish pond that is subject to floating photovoltaic (FPV) cover. The study concludes that the installation of FPV(s) on fish ponds may have a moderately negative impact on fish production due to a reduction in dissolved oxygen levels. However, losses in fish production can be compensated for by gains in energy.
This report describes a design for an automated, offshore-fish farm, with solar, wind and hydro power as well as a durable, physical structure.