• Aquavoltaics: Synergies for Dual Use of Water Area for Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Generation and Aquaculture

    This paper reviews the fields of floatovoltaic (FV) technology and aquaculture to investigate the potential of floatovoltaic-aquaculture synergistic applications for improving food-energy-water nexus sustainability. Several symbiotic relationships are considered, including: an increase in power-conversion efficiency (due to the cooling and cleaning of module surfaces), a reduction in wate surface evaporation rates, ecosystem redevelopment, improved growth rates in fish through integrated designs (using FV-powered pumps to control oxygenation levels), and LED lighting.