This study investigates the effects of solar photovoltaic panel designs on lettuce growth. 

This study investigates a hybrid of co-located agriculture and solar photovoltaic (PV) infrastructure by monitoring micro-climatic conditions, PV panel temperature, soil moisture and irrigation water use, plant eco-physiological function and plant biomass production within a agrivoltaic ecosystem and in traditional PV installations and agricultural settings to quantify trade-offs. Authors find that shading by the PV panels provides multiple additive and synergistic benefits, including reduced plant drought stress, greater food production and reduced PV panel heat stress. 

This North American Center for Saffron Research and Development reports the findings of two years of study on growing saffron under solar panels at the Peck Electric solar field in Burlington, VT. Updated Feb ’22.

This article describes the impact of crop spacing and PV module design on tomatoes in a greenhouse.

This study describes a foldable solar PV structure developed to grow pear crops in Korea. 

This resource provides practical advice for farmers considering installing solar photovoltaic systems.

This article provides an overview of solar-suitable crops in Germany.  It contrasts the performance, imitations, and possible agrisolar synergies of large-scale crops compared to small-area specialized crops.

This article reports the findings of a studied on kale, broccoli, chard, peppers, tomatoes, and spinach grown in the partial shade of a solar photovoltaic system.

This article reports findings from the ACRE farm in West Lafayette, Indiana, which includes single-axis trackers in a novel configuration atop a maize test plot. 

This article describes a study of potatoes grown under solar panels. The study concludes that the panels promote potato plant grow but do not provide protection from frost.